Diagnoses and treats diseases of the nervous system
Examination includes assessment of :
- the central nervous systems (brain and spinal cord);
- the peripheral nervous system (nerves);
- connections between the nerves and the muscles;
- the muscles themselves.
Talking with patients to identify their problems and current as well as past symptoms forms the basis of a Neurology consultation.
Following on from the neurological exam, during which reflexes, muscle power, balance, sensation and coordination are examined, the neurologist may also carry out further tests to examine memory, concentration and thinking.
These tests and exams can diagnose with reasonable certainty diseases such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Tumours etc.
Additional investigations are often necessary in order to confirm the diagnosis. At Neuroloulé we carry out the following investigations:
- EEG (electroencephalogram, records the brain’s electrical activity);
- EMG (electromyogram, measures muscular activity and generally also includes ENG or electroneurogram which measures reactivity and electrical conduction in the peripheral nerves);
- Visual Evoked Potentials (examines the function of the nerve pathways associated with vision, especially the optic nerve);
- Auditory Evoked Potentials (examines the function of the nerve pathways associated with hearing, and especially the brainstem);
- Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (examines the function of the nerves associated with sensation);
- Lumbar Puncture (is used to collect cerebrospinal fluid from the spine);
- Blood Tests (a sample of blood is taken and sent to an appropriate laboratory either in Portugal or abroad).
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The diagnosis and treatment options are discussed with the patient with a view to deciding on the best course of treatment.
PLEASE NOTE: Neurology appointments (and also appointments for psychiatry) take time and need to be booked in advance. It is possible to arrange emergency appointments, but please phone first so that we can ensure enough time is available.