• Diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the mind.

  • The psychiatrist can identify if an illness is present by talking to the patient. The effect of any illness identified can also be examined; for example how does the illness show itself ? How does it limit the patient’s daily activities? Are there symptoms of depression? Are there any external factors? Are the patient’s concentration and memory affected? Does the patient have difficulties finding the right words? Is there altered thinking? Does the patient have less energy or motivation? Has there been any change to emotions or feelings?

    By analysing the patient’s thoughts and feelings and also by asking questions about complaints and symptoms, the psychiatrist can diagnose different  illnesses such as, psychosis, depression, anxiety, phobias, personality disorders and adjustment disorders amongst others.

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  • Where appropriate, the patient may be referred for further investigations e.g.CT scan, EEG or psychological tests.

    The diagnosis and treatment options will be discussed with the patient. In general, treatment with medication or psychotherapy will be recommended. In many cases combining both gives the best outcomes.

    Whilst in other areas of medicine a consultation is used first and foremost to explain the patient’s  symptoms and how they have progressed, in psychiatry it is used to establish a diagnosis and provide treatment at the same time.